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Industry Terms and Definitions

Below you can find a glossary of terms related to the lumber and timber industry to help you better understand SPTP’s products and services and how they can benefit your organization. 


A collecting point for logs; the place to which logs are yarded for loading and transportation from the woods; a floor or platform between flights of stairs

Loblolly pine

Pinus Taeda; one of the southern yellow pines, this species takes its name from the fact that it often grows in moist depressions called loblollies; it is the fastest growing and most plentiful of the southern pines; the species is found in a range from Texas to Delaware

Log yard

The southern equivalent of a log staging or storage area


One who works in the woods performing any of a variety of jobs related to the harvesting of timber.

Longleaf pine

Pinus Palustris; this species is native to the southeast and Gulf Coast; commercially, it is grouped with other species as "southern yellow pine"; it is an important commercial species for lumber and plywood as well as for naval stores (turpentine, resins, etc.); it closely resembles slash pine


Long lengths

Low temperature drying

A process of drying by dehumidification by condensing the moisture removed from the lumber and recirculating the heated air


1. A wood product manufactured from logs by sawing, resawing, and, usually, planing, with all four sides sawn; "Timber" is used in place of "lumber" in many countries 2. To log or to manufacture lumber

Lumber yard

A retail outlet selling lumber and, usually, other building materials; a storage area at a saw mill